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Carefully Examining the Text

43 episodes - English - Latest episode: 2 days ago - ★★★★★ - 17 ratings

To know God and to make Him known through the teaching of the Scriptures

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Psalm 38

January 20, 2022 03:00 - 23 minutes - 15.9 MB

This Psalm repeatedly references David's sickness- 38:3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 17. He is suffering intensely. He is suffering because of his sin- 38:3, 4, 5, 18. This is not to say all suffering is directly connected to our personal sin. The book of Job shows that is not true. However, we cannot say that there is no connection between personal sin and suffering either. David experiences it right here.His enemies add to his pain- 38:12, 16, 19, 20- while his friends stand far off- 38:11.Jesus exper...

Psalm 37

January 13, 2022 16:00 - 22 minutes - 15.7 MB

Righteous- vs. 12, 16, 17, 21, 25, 29, 30, 32, 39 Other brief descriptions of the righteous:  11 “humble” same word used in vs. 14 14 “The afflicted and needy,” “who are upright in conduct” 18 “the blameless” 22 “blessed by Him” 37 “the blameless man,” “upright,” and “man of peace”  Characteristics of righteous-  21 “the righteous is gracious and gives”  26 “All day long, he is gracious and lends. And his descendants are a blessing”  30 “The mouth of the righteous utters wisdom and...

Psalm 36

January 04, 2022 23:00 - 19 minutes - 13.5 MB

This psalm contrast the character of the wicked- 36:1-4- with the character of God- 36:5-936:1 Transgression speaks- These two words are put together this way only here in the Bible. The word "speaks" is often translated "oracle" and refers to an oracle from the LORD.Here it is transgression or rebellion that is giving this oracle. "There is no fear of God before his eyes" Romans 3:18 quotes this. 36:4 The wicked man plans evil upon his bed. Compare Micah 2:1-2 and Proverbs 4:16. Contrast th...

Psalm 35 C

December 15, 2021 16:00 - 19 minutes - 13.7 MB

Three main points that we make in this our third podcast on Psalm 35.1. Jesus experienced the pain and suffering David spoke of on a level deeper than he ever didSee vs. 7, 11, 12, 15 especially2. Jesus did not curse because of this suffering but He called for a blessing insteadThis is not to criticize imprecatory prayers, but it is to say that is not what Jesus engaged in.Jesus took the curse upon Himself- Galatians 3:13/ Deuteronomy 21:22-23Jesus called for mercy for those who tormented Hi...

Psalm 35 B - Can we pray calling judgment on the wicked?

December 10, 2021 15:00 - 21 minutes - 14.5 MB

This Psalm calls down curses upon those who have opposed the Psalmist.See verses 1-8, 26.Sometimes we hear that these prayers were acceptable in the Old Testament but they are not acceptable today.In the OT God's people were encouraged to love their enemies- Exodus 23:4-5; Prov. 25:21-22.In the OT God's people were forbidden from taking personal vengeance- Proverbs 20:22; 24:29.In the NT we find God's people calling down curses upon the wicked- I Cor. 16:22; Galatians 1:8-9; 5:12; Rev. 6:9-1...

Psalm 35

December 08, 2021 04:00 - 20 minutes - 14.5 MB

Contend, O LORD, with those who contend with me. Fight against those who fight against me.In this Psalm David describes how he was mistreated, lied about, pursued by wicked people.Frequently through the Psalm David will affirm his innocence- vs. 7, 7, 11, 13-14,He calls on God to rescue him and to judge those who are mistreating him- vs. 3, 4-8, 26He calls on God to bring the same kind of judgment upon the wicked that they are bringing upon him. We sometimes call this lex talionis. Lex talio...

Psalm 34

December 01, 2021 16:00 - 24 minutes - 17 MB

This psalm speaks of the fear- vs. 4- troubles- vs. 6, 17- afflictions - vs. 19- of the righteous. This psalm speaks of the LORD delivering and rescuing His people from afflictions- vs. 4, 6, 17, 19. Psalm 34 speaks of God protecting HIs people- vs. 7, 9, 10, 15, 20, 22.This psalm speaks of God judging the wicked- vs. 16, 21.Psalm 34:20 is applied to Christ's death on the cross- John 19:36 and context.  John 19:36 also applies to Jesus fulfilling the picture of the Passover Lamb in Exodus 12...

Psalm 33

November 25, 2021 21:00 - 23 minutes - 16.3 MB

This Psalm praises God33:1-5 Sing to Him a new song and praise Him you who are righteous33:6-9 The LORD as Creator- Let all stand in awe of Him33:10-12 The counsel and plans of the nations are thwarted but God's counsel and plans stand33:13-15 The LORD sees all people and all their works33:16-17 Victory belongs to the LORDKings, warriors, and horses cannot bring victory by their own strength but the LORD is source of our strength33:18-19 The eyes of the LORD are upon us and rescue us from di...

Psalm 32

November 10, 2021 04:00 - 19 minutes - 13.7 MB

This psalm describes  David's struggle with unconfessed sin and then the joys of forgiveness when he humbled himself before God.1. The burden of sin- 32:3-5His bones have wasted away and he is groaning- 32:3His pain is perpetual- 32:3 "all day long" and 32:4 "Day and night"The hand of the LORD is heavy against him- Ruth 1:13; I Sam. 5:6, 7, 9. The hand of the LORD that David looked to in 31:5, 15 is now pressing against him heavily. This is not God's fault but it is David. His strength is dr...

Psalm 31

November 03, 2021 18:00 - 24 minutes - 16.8 MB

The Psalm is quoted by Christ on the cross. Psalm 31:5 is quoted by Jesus in Luke 23:46. This does not mean that the psalm speaks exclusively of Jesus since 31:10 makes a reference to the writer's "iniquity"- NASB. Some versions have words like "misery" instead of "iniquity." The word "iniquity" is based on the Hebrew text and the word "misery" is based on the Greek translation of the OT. Notice some of the things that David experienced that Christ also experienced. They laid a net to trap h...

Psalm 30

October 29, 2021 02:00 - 20 minutes - 13.9 MB

This psalm tells us God's anger is for a moment but His favor is for a lifetime- vs. 5.God will turn our mourning into danger and give us garments of joy instead of sackcloth- vs.11Judgement is not the final word for God's peopleExodus 34:6-7; Isaiah 54:7-10Jesus fulfills the psalm in the greatest sense by HIs resurrection and He turns our grief to joy. 

Psalm 29

October 21, 2021 03:00 - 15 minutes - 10.6 MB

The Power of God in the thunderstormThe psalm speaks of the LORD 18 times and the "voice of the LORD" 7 times. The Canaanites believed that Baal controlled the storm and the lightning. But the things that psalms attributes to Baal, the Bible attributes to YHWH. The showdown between Elijah and the prophets of Baal is about who controls these the storm, the lightning, and the weath. 29:1-2 A Call to Praise God29:3-9 The glory of God in the thunderstorm29:10-11 The LORD as King foreverJesus ful...

Psalm 28

October 18, 2021 13:00 - 17 minutes - 11.7 MB

  This psalm has been described as an individual lament or a psalm of thanksgiving or a royal psalm.   28:1-5 Petition  28:6-9 Praise   Key words: Notice has "hear the voice of my supplication" in vs. 2 is picked up in vs. 6. The word "hands" is used to refer to David lifting his hands to God in vs. 2, the hands of the wicked in vs. 4, and the work of God's hands in vs. 5. The word "bless" is used in vs. 6 of David blessing God and in vs. 9 begging God to bless David. In vs. 2 David "lifted...

Psalm 27

October 06, 2021 14:00 - 21 minutes - 14.9 MB

The LORD is my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear? These bold words introduce this psalm. 27:1-6 sound more like a psalm of confidence or praise 27:7-14 sound more like an individual lament as David pours out his problems to GodSome have suggested that these were originally two different psalms. However, a common vocabulary ties the portions of this psalm together: "God of my salvation" vs. 1, 9; "adversaries" or "foes" in vs. 2, 12; "heart" in vs. 3, 8, 14; "seek" in . 4, 8, 9. These...

Psalm 26

September 29, 2021 14:00 - 20 minutes - 13.8 MB

Psalm 25

September 18, 2021 17:00 - 21 minutes - 15 MB

What does Psalm 25 teach us about God?1. God is a God of forgiveness25:6-7, 11, 18God is a God of mercy- 25:6Lovingkindness- 25:6, 7, 10Good- 25:7-8faithfulness or truth- 25:10He forgives based on His goodness- 25:7- and His name's sake- 25:112. God is a God who teaches, instructs us in the right way25:4-5, 8-10, 12-14God instructs sinners in the way- Sin means to miss the mark- Judges 20:16- and those who miss the mark are taught the right way or right path by God- 25:4, 4, 8, 9, 12.God is ...

Psalm 24

September 15, 2021 15:00 - 18 minutes - 12.5 MB

This psalm could be divided into three distinct parts- vs. 1-2, 3-6, 7-10.24:1-2 The LORD's dominion over all in heaven, earth, and sea24:3-6 Who may ascend into God's holy place? One must have clean hands and a pure heart.He must not lift up his soul to falsehood nor swear deceitfully24:7-10 Who is this King of glory?The LORD of hostsWhat does the Psalm teach us about God?How does the Psalm foreshadow Christ?

Psalm 23

September 13, 2021 01:00 - 17 minutes - 11.9 MB

The LORD is portrayed as the good shepherd in vs. 1-4 and a gracious host in vs. 5-6.Some passages that talk of the work of a shepherd areGenesis 31:39-40 The shepherd worked tirelesslyI Samuel 17:34-36 He risked his lifeMatthew 18:12-14; Luke 15:3-7 He went looking after every lost sheepIsaiah 40:11 He carried the sheep in his bosom The shepherd protected and provided for his sheep.The LORD is a gracious host unlike Simon in Luke 7:44-4623:6 pursue- is a word that deals with a diligent chas...

Psalm 22 Part 2

September 10, 2021 02:00 - 20 minutes - 13.8 MB

This psalm is quoted or echoed repeatedly in the New Testament and applied to the suffering of Christ. There is no clear record of pre-New Testament sources applying this to the sufferings of the Messiah. Psalm 22:1 is quoted in Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34 Psalm 22:7-8 is alluded to in Matthew 27:39; Mark 15:29; Luke 23:34-35Psalm 22:18 is quoted and applied to Christ's suffering in John 19:23-24Psalm 22:22 is quoted and applied to Jesus in Hebrews 2:12Does this psalm speak exclusively of Jesu...

Psalm 22 Part 1

September 09, 2021 16:00 - 20 minutes - 14.4 MB

This psalm is often quoted in the New Testament. In this podcast we are simply seeking to explain it in its OT setting. Lord willing, in the next podcast we will talk about its use in the NT.In this psalm there is a contrast between the "I/me" sections where David explains his crisis and the sections that emphasize "You" as he begs God's help.22:1-2 Why have You forsaken me?22:3-5 The LORD has delivered Israel in the past 22:6-8 David is despised and mockedThe glorious past only increases hi...

Psalm 21

September 04, 2021 19:00 - 20 minutes - 13.9 MB

This and the previous psalm  are both usually called "royal psalms."These psalms are linked by the Hebrew word for "salvation" in 20:5, 6, 6, 9; 21:1, 5.The word "king" is used in 20:9; 21:1, 7. The "right hand" appears in 20:6; 21:8.Psalm 21 begins and ends with a mention of the LORD and His strength21:1-7 The LORD is source of all the king's blessings and strength21:8-12 The enemies are conqueredAre the "you" and "your" words a reference to God or to the king? Whichever view we take may no...

Psalm 20

September 02, 2021 14:00 - 20 minutes - 14.2 MB

This is called a royal psalm because of the emphasis on the role of the anointed- vs. 6- and the king- vs. 9. Key words in the Psalm:"answer" in vs. 1, 6, 6, 9"victories" "saves" "saving" or "save" are all from the same root word in vs. 5, 6, 6, 9The word "name" is used in 20:1, 5, 7. The people had great hopes for the king- II Sam. 21:17; Lamentations 4:20The king's responsibility is to trust God and to remember Him- vs. 7Some trusted in horses and chariots but battles were won by God's pow...

Psalm 19

August 27, 2021 17:00 - 23 minutes - 16.1 MB

C. S. Lewis called it the greatest poem in the book of Psalms.19:1-6 The heavens are declaring the glory of GodIf creation overwhelms us and leads us to stand in awe, how much more should we stand in awe of the Creator HImself.19:2-4 They bear constant testimony to who God is. They speak a language with no words but they speak a language that has no limits or boudaries.19:4-6 The glory is shown in the sun bursting forth from its chamber. 19:7-11 God's glory in HIs special revelation of Scrip...

Psalm 18- Part 2

August 26, 2021 19:00 - 23 minutes - 15.9 MB

In this royal psalm, David acknowledges that all he is and has is from God. 18:3 He hears David's call and rescues him18:16 He drew him out of many waters18:17 He delivered him from the strong enemy18:18 The LORD is his stay in time of calamity18:28 The LORD is his lamp18:29 By God's strength he performs heroic acts18:30 He is a shield to those who take refuge in Him18:31 The LORD is his rock18:32 The LORD girds him with strength and makes him blameless18:33 He makes his feet strong18:34 He ...

Psalm 18: Part 1

August 26, 2021 16:00 - 21 minutes - 15.1 MB

This is viewed as a royal psalm, a psalm about the king.David composed it after deliverance from his foes according to the heading. Look at how he describes his relationship with God in vs. 1-2.18:1-3 He loves the LORD18:4-6 The crisis from which the LORD delivered him18:7-15 The LORD's dramatic intervention to rescue His servant and judge His foes18:16-19 The LORD drew David out of the waters

Psalm 17

August 18, 2021 19:00 - 21 minutes - 15.1 MB

Psalm 1717:1-2  David begs God to hear his prayer17:3-5  The LORD has examined him and tried him17:6-8  He begs God to protect and shield him17:9-12  David describes the wicked and their violence to him17:13-15.  The LORD is to bring down the wicked and he longs to see their faceConnections with Psalm 1616:1  taking refuge in the LORD. 17:716:8 The mention of the LORD's right hand  17:716:1 Keep me. 17:816:8 "I will not be moved" 17:516:5 Portion- where is our portion

Psalm 16

August 05, 2021 18:00 - 23 minutes - 16 MB

Psalm 16Heading: A Mikhtam of David- Psalms 56-6016:1-4 David trusts in the LORD vs. those around him who trust in other gods16:5-6 The LORD is his portion, inheritance, cup, lot, and heritage16:7-11 The LORD is at His right hand and He will not be shaken16:8-11 is quoted in Acts 2:25-28, 31 by Peter and Acts 13:35-37 by Paul. Both of these speakers emphasize that these words did not have their ultimate fulfillment in David. David died and was buried and his tomb underwent decay. These words...

Psalm 15

August 04, 2021 19:00 - 21 minutes - 14.6 MB

15:1 The Question: O LORD, who may abide in Your tent? Who may dwell on Your holy hill?15:2-5a The Answer: The character of the one who continues to be in God's presencevs. 2 Three participles describe him positively: He walks with integrity, works righteousness, speaks truthvs. 3 negatively he does not slander with his tongue, do evil to a neighbor, or take up a reproach against a friendvs. 4 He demonstrates who he is by the company he keeps and he keeps his word even when it is painful.vs....

Psalm 14

July 29, 2021 18:00 - 21 minutes - 15.2 MB

Psalm 14:1-3 The foolishness of living without God14:4-6 The LORD is with the righteous14:7 O that salvation would come out of Zion.The Hebrew word translated "there is no" as in "there is no God" is used 4 times in verses 1-3. The first time man in saying in his heart that there is no God to call him to account. The other 3 times this Hebrew word is used in vs. 1-3 is God's assessment of man: there is none good. The word is used twice in vs. 1 and twice in vs. 3. Psalm 14 is virtually repea...

Psalm 13

July 28, 2021 22:00 - 22 minutes - 15.2 MB

Psalm 13:1-2 How long, O LORD??This psalm is a classic example of a psalm of lament. "How long" is asked 4 times with the questions surrounding it intensifying. 13:3-4 Rescue me now13:5-6 I will praise the LORDThe psalms of individual lament usually end in praise and the praise at the end of the psalm answers the plea expressed earlier in the Psalm. 

Psalm 12

July 26, 2021 14:00 - 22 minutes - 15.2 MB

Psalm 12:1-4 The wicked are consuming the godly12:1 Help- NASB; Save- ESV12:2-3 The wicked lips of the evil men12:5-8  The LORD will preserve the poor and afflictedThe LORD arises the save the righteous12:6 The LORD's words are pure in contrast to the words of the wicked in 12:2-3.12:7 The LORD will preserve them.12:8 sons of men- this phrase appears in both vs. 1 and vs. 8. 

Psalm 11

July 17, 2021 16:00 - 22 minutes - 15.2 MB

Psalm 1111:1 The security of the Psalmist 11:2-3 The threat of the wicked11:4 The sovereignty of God11:5-6 The destiny of the wicked11:7 The destiny of the righteousWhat does Psalm 11 say about the LORD?11:1 He is our refuge11:4 He is in His holy temple11:4-5 He tests all men11:5-6 He will bring judgment upon the wicked11:7 He will bless the righteousHow does Jesus fulfill the picture of an innocent sufferer in Psalm 11?11:1 in Luke 13:31-33 Jesus was basically told to flee like in 11:111:2 ...

Psalm 10

July 10, 2021 14:00 - 21 minutes - 15.1 MB

Psalm 10 and Psalm 9 may have originally been one Psalm. Even if that is not the case, there are many connections between the Psalms.  Here are some of them. 10:1- times of trouble- 9:910:2 the wicked- 9:5, 16, 17; 10:2, 3, 4, 13, 1510:4 The Hebrew word for "Seek" in 9:10, 12; 10:4, 13, 1510:11 The claim that God has forgotten- 9:12, 1810:12 Arise- 9:1910:16 The LORD is king- 9:4, 710:16 nations- 9:5, 15, 17, 19, 19, 2010:18 vindicate is the word "judge" in 9:810:1-2 Where is the LORD in the...

Psalm 9

July 05, 2021 18:00 - 22 minutes - 15.8 MB

Psalm 9:1-2 I will give thanks to the LORD9:3-6 My enemy will stumble and turn back9:7-10 The LORD has established His throne for judgment9:11-12 Sing Praises to the LORD9:13-16 Lift me up from death and let the nations sink down9:17-18 The wicked nations vs. the afflicted and needy9:19-20 Do not let man prevailThe Psalm emphasizes that the LORD will...bring judgment upon the wicked- 9:3, 5, 6, 15-16, 17, 19-20vindicate the righteous- 9:9, 10, 12 , 18, 18

Psalm 8

June 07, 2021 02:00 - 19 minutes - 13.4 MB

When Apollo 11 went to the moon in 1969 they had a silicon disk in which they left messages from 73 nations and the message from the Vatican was the text of Psalm 8 Psalm 8 begins and ends with praise to God. It is an inclusion beginning and ending with the same words, "LORD, our Lord, how majestic is Your name in all the earth" vs. 1, 9. 1. The Psalm speaks of the greatness of God compared to the relatively small heavens. 2. It stresses how immense the heavens are compared to small and insi...

Psalm 7

June 01, 2021 03:00 - 23 minutes - 16.3 MB

Psalm 7:1-2 The enemy threatens to tear David apart7:3-5 If he is guilty, may he be judged7:6-11 He calls on the LORD to arise in judgment7:12-16 Judgment will fall upon the head of the wicked7:17 Final praiseGod as judge from Psalm 7God is judge of all peoples- 7:7-8God is a righteous judge- 7:11God is angry with sin- 7:6, 11God punishes the wicked- 7:9, 11, 12-16God vindicates the righteous- 7:8, 9, 10I made a mistake around the 22 minute mark in talking about the word in the Greek transla...

Psalm 6

May 10, 2021 02:00 - 19 minutes - 13.3 MB

The division we made of Psalm 6 is 1. The psalm describe the depth of David's despair- vs. 2-3, 6-72. His plea to God for help- vs. 1, 4-53. His confidence of victory- vs. 8-10

Psalm 5

May 01, 2021 11:00 - 19 minutes - 13.6 MB

This psalm alternates between petitions to God (vs. 1-3, 7-8, 11-12) and descriptions of the wicked (vs. 4-6, 9-10). The psalm distinguishes between the righteous and the wicked but it also reminds us that we only enter the LORD's house by the abundance of HIs lovingkindness (vs. 7). 

Psalm 4

April 23, 2021 02:00 - 22 minutes - 15.5 MB

An evening prayer 

Psalm 3

April 09, 2021 03:00 - 19 minutes - 13.7 MB

Psalm 3David flees from Absalom3:1-2 Many are rising against him3:3-4 The LORD is his shield3:5-6 The LORD sustains me3:7-8 Salvation belongs to the LORD

Psalm 2

April 03, 2021 01:00 - 21 minutes - 14.6 MB

Psalm 2vs. 1-3 The nations plot rebellion against Godvs. 4-6 The LORD scoffs at the nations who seek to defy Himvs. 7-9 The LORD's King will rule all nations with a rod of ironvs. 10-12 Resistance is futile and the only option is surrender to God verse 7 is applied to the baptism of Jesus- Matthew 3:16-17- and transfiguration- Matthew 17:1-5. It is applied to the resurrection of Jesus- Acts 13:33. See also Hebrews 1:5; 5:5.vs. 9 is applied to Jesus in Revelation 12:5; 19:15 and to Christians...

Psalm 1

March 27, 2021 18:00 - 15 minutes - 11 MB

A brief summary of Psalm 1 and its distinction between the righteous and the wicked. 

Introduction to Psalms

March 20, 2021 16:00 - 16 minutes - 11.1 MB

In this very brief introduction to Psalms we ask whether the Psalms are words to God or from God, what kind of literature is Psalms, and how the Psalms speak of Jesus.